Article: 131 Governor to be kept informed

1[131. Governor to be kept informed.— The Chief Minister shall keep the Governor informed on matters relating to Provincial administration and on all legislative proposals the Provincial Government intends to bring before the Provincial Assembly.]



1. Section 44 of the Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Act, 2010 (10 of 2010), substituted Art. 131, in its present form, (w.e.f. April 19, 2010), in place of the Art. as substituted by item 27 of the schedule to P.O. No. 14 of 1985, (w.e.f. March 2, 1985),  that read :

131.  Duties of Chief Minister in relation to Governor.—It shall be the duty of the Chief Minister—

(a)  to communicate to the Governor all decisions of the Cabinet relating to the administration of the affairs of the Province and proposals for legislation;

(b)  to furnish such information relating to the administration of the affairs of the Province and proposals for legislation as the Governor may call for; and

(c)  if the Governor so requires to submit for consideration of the Cabinet any matter on which a decision has been taken by the Chief Minister or a Minister but which has not been considered by the Cabinet.

Art. 131, as adopted in 1973, read :

“131. The Chief Minister.–(1) The Provincial Assembly shall meet on the thirtieth day following the day on which a general election to the Assembly is held, unless sooner summoned by the Governor.

(2)  After the election of the Speaker and the Deputy Speaker, the Provincial Assembly shall, to the exclusion of any other business, proceed to elect without debate one of its members to be the Chief Minister.

(3)  The Chief Minister shall be elected by the votes of the majority of the total membership of the Provincial Assembly:

Provided that, if no member secures such majority in the first poll, a second poll shall be held between the members who secure the two highest numbers of votes in the first poll and the member who secures a majority of votes of the members present and voting shall be declared to have been elected as Chief Minister:

Provided further that, if the number of votes secured by two or more members securing the highest number of votes is equal, further polls shall be held between them until one of them secures a majority of votes of the members present and voting.

(4)  The member elected under clause (3) shall be called upon by the Governor to assume the office of Chief Minister and he shall before entering upon the office make before the Governor oath in the form set out in the Third Schedule.”

Comparative Table of Article 131 of the Constitution of Pakistan, 1973

Constitution of Pakistan 1962 :
Constitution of Pakistan 1956 :
Constitution of India 1950:
Government of India Act 1935:

Leading & Latest Cases on Article 131 of the Constitution of Pakistan, 1973 :


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